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In Switzerland, products containing cannabidiol (CBD) and a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of less than one percent have been legalized for sale in 2016. Initially, mainly hemp flowers were offered for sale. In the meantime, however, so-called CBD oils account for about one third of the available products on the market.
CBD Oil – its components
There are about 80 different ingredients in the hemp plant, the so-called cannabinoids, with CBD being one of the better known and best researched. According to the Swiss Addiction Association Addiction Switzerland, the cannabinoid CBD is said to have anti-inflammatory, relieving and relaxing effects.
CBD is not water soluble and is nowadays mixed with a carrier oil to produce a CBD oil. The carrier oils are usually foods such as hemp seed oil, black cumin oil or MCT coconut oil. CBD can also be added to other products like food or creams. In everyday life, consumers take CBD oil orally.
How to use CBD oil
According to the Swiss jurisdiction there are two legislations relevant for CBD oil: The old food law and the new food law. The carrier oils used for the production of CBD oil are subject to the old food law and may therefore be recommended for oral intake. According to the Federal Office for Food Safety and Veterinary Affairs BLV, the following principles apply to cannabiniod like CBD:
“In parts of the hemp plant there are naturally over eighty so-called cannabinoids. The most important are the psychotropic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and the non-psychotropic cannabidiol (CBD).
For the individual substances of the cannabinoids, no significant consumption as food has been documented in Switzerland or in the EU before 15 May 1997. Therefore the following substances are to be assessed as novel food:
- Cannabinoids from hemp plants (Cannabis sativa);
- cannabinoids from any other plant containing cannabinoids;
- synthetically produced cannabinoids.”
This means that companies in Switzerland are generally prohibited from moving and selling food with CBD. For this reason, CBD oils must be labelled with an indication that they are not recommended for oral consumption, as they are legally not food but chemicals. In practice, CBD oil is therefore offered as a flavor or fragrance oil, as these uses correspond to those of a chemical. However, consumers of CBD Oil in Switzerland still take the products orally almost without exception. A few consumers also report topical applications.
The effect of CBD oil
There are two types of cannabinoids: phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids. The phytocannabinoids are those which occur naturally in hemp plants. The endocannabinoids are produced by mammals, for example by the human organism. Cannabinoids such as CBD or THC are absorbed through a part of the human nervous system, the so-called endocannabinoid system. How exactly the effect process looks like is currently the subject of countless scientific studies.
The Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) refers to the Swiss Addiction Association for Addiction for further information on the use and effects of cannabidiol (CBD). Sucht Schweiz claims that the cannabinoid CBD has a beneficial effect on pain, inflammation or stress. The FOPH also refers to the Association Praxis Suchtmedizin. This association states that CBD usually develops its effect after 30-60 minutes.
CBD oil must be stored correctly
Products containing CBD should preferably be stored in a cool, dry place in the dark (e.g. in a chest of drawers or kitchen cupboard), as the sun’s UV radiation causes lasting damage to the active ingredients contained in CBD oil over time. Just like solar radiation, excessive heat has a negative influence on the quality of a CBD Oil. The shelf life of CBD Oil can be prolonged by storing it in the right way.
CBD oil in research
Several studies are currently underway worldwide on the subject of medicinal cannabis and CBD oil. These studies focus mainly on the effects of the different cannabinoids and the corresponding dosages. Meanwhile it is known, especially from North America, that CBD oil can have a medical benefit, especially for conditions like stress, pain and anxiety. Nevertheless, the Swiss federal laws prohibit companies to make promises of a cure and/or efficacy for products with CBD. Cbuy.ch is therefore striving to promote the acceptance of cannabis among the Swiss population as a recognized remedy. Furthermore, cbuy.ch wants to develop the health-promoting potential of the hemp plant for the benefit of society.
CBD oil consists of the cannabinoid CBD and a carrier oil, e.g. hemp seed or black cumin oil. Due to legal restrictions, CBD oils are sold in Switzerland as aromatic or fragrance oils. Currently, numerous research projects are underway worldwide to investigate the effectiveness of CBD oils.